By David H. Price

By the time the U.S. formally entered international struggle II, greater than 1/2 American anthropologists have been utilizing their specialist wisdom and talents to strengthen the struggle attempt. the variety in their war-related paintings used to be outstanding. They helped assemble army intelligence, pinpointed attainable social weaknesses in enemy international locations, and contributed to the army’s nearby Pocket advisor booklets. They labored for dozens of presidency firms, together with the place of work of Strategic providers (OSS) and the place of work of battle info. At a second whilst social scientists are once more being requested to aid in army and intelligence paintings, David H. cost examines anthropologists’ little-known contributions to the second one global War.

Anthropological Intelligence is predicated on interviews with anthropologists in addition to broad archival examine regarding many Freedom of knowledge Act requests. fee seems to be on the function performed by means of the 2 basic U.S. anthropological organisations, the yank Anthropological organization and the Society for utilized Anthropology (which was once shaped in 1941), in facilitating the applying of anthropological easy methods to the issues of conflict. He chronicles particular tasks undertaken on behalf of presidency businesses, together with an research of the social results of postwar migration, the layout and implementation of OSS counterinsurgency campaigns, and the examine of jap social buildings to assist tailor American propaganda efforts. rate discusses anthropologists’ paintings in internment camps, their selection of intelligence in valuable and South the US for the FBI’s exact Intelligence provider, and their aid forming overseas language courses to help squaddies and intelligence brokers. comparing the moral implications of anthropological contributions to international struggle II, expense means that by the point the chilly battle started, the career had set a perilous precedent relating to what it might be prepared to do on behalf of the U.S. government.

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Anthropological Intelligence: The Deployment and Neglect of American Anthropology in the Second World War by David H. Price

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